Carnival Rio de Janeiro
Carnival is the time of year that the world comes
to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A huge celebration of epic proportion,
Carnival is the remnants of Saturnalia an ancient pagan holiday
that occured around Christmas. Christian leaders didn't want their
followers to be lured away by the promiscuous acts of the Pagans
during Saturnalia so they created a "Mass for Christ"
or Christmas. Which ended this ancient festival of fun for many
cultures. Most Latin countries adopted Christmas but moved the
festival to forty days before Lent.
Carnival is latin for "farewell to meat" and is a celebration
of gorging yourself on life's pleasures, before a long fast which
used to exclude meat. Most conservative americans would view this
as a Pagan ritual. Marti Gras (Fat Tuesday) which is America's
only accepted Carnival is also frowned apon by staunch Christians.
|Rio's first masquerade carnival ball with portuguese polkas
and waltzes was in 1840 |
Carnival street parades started in 1850
The samba in Carnival, was first started in Rio 1917
Samba is a mixture of Angolan semba, European polka, African
batuques, along with Cuban habanera and other carribean styles.
Escola de Samba (samba school) first appeared in 1928.
Copacabana Beach during Lent
Samba came from the flood of newly freed black Brazilians from Bahia
to the slums or favelas of Rio after the abolition of slavery in
Brazil in 1888.